The Stars

… I didn’t realise they could fly…

 

I watched as they flew across the dark night sky. I did not realise they could fly. As I laid there, I felt the grass under my body and the cool breeze move my hair. I gaze up into the darkness it is only them who bring light. However, I felt them pushing their way into my soul. I am the darkness they are fighting. They are known to lighten our darkness and to open our soul to all the light. But, what if they are just as we are? From the outside light but from the inside dark. Nevertheless, how can they hide our scars if we are broken?

100wc

 

Life, it feels like bricks on my body

Everyone’s always sorry

Day after day, it’s always the same

Every day a new ball game

 

I look up at a cloud

I burst out

I feel an energy through my blood

It’s starting to flood

I’m beginning to rise

I will not apologize

For today I will fly away

I will no longer be a stray

I will not hide in the dark

I will spark

I can see colour

Now I will not need armor

 

I am not different now to anyone

But  now I feel like just that one

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUSTRALIA AND GREECE

Greece and Australia are 13,569 km apart. These two countries have good foreign relations. In fact, Melbourne is the 3rd largest Greek populated city outside of Greece.  In this text, I will be comparing Australia and Greece’s geographic location, land size, the capital city, population, religion, currency military services, and tourist attractions.

Greece is a country in South-Eastern Europe and it is the southernmost country of the Balkan Peninsula. Greece has thousands of islands throughout the Aegean and Ionian seas. In fact, there are more than 6,000 Greek Islands but only around 230 are inhabited and about 80 have a population over 100. .Greece has a total land boundary length of 1,228 km (763 mi) and a coastline of 13,676 km …Greece is located between several countries and seas: In the north, it borders with Albania, FYROM, and Bulgaria. In the east, Greece borders with Turkey (and the Aegean Sea). In the south and west, Greece is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea (the Ionian Sea is west and the Libyan sea to the south). On the other hand, Australia is a country, a continent, and an island so Australia does not border with any other country as Greece does. It is located in Oceania between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean. Australia has more than 8,000 islands. Australia comprises a land area of about 7.692 million square kilometers. It is the planet’s sixth-largest country after Russia, Canada, China, the United States of America and Brazil. Australia is about 50 percent greater than Europe and 32 times greater than the United Kingdom and Australia 59 times bigger than Greece.

Two-thirds of Greece is covered with mountains, in fact, eighty percent of the country consists of mountains or hills, making Greece one of the most mountainous countries of Europe. It has 16.000 kilometers of coastline. The climate in Greece is predominantly Mediterranean. Greece has summers that are usually hot and dry, and the winters that can be quiet cold and wet. The upper part of Greece can be very cold during the winter with heavy snow. However, for the south of Greece and the islands, the winters will be milder. 

Australia’s geography is extremely diverse than Greece. Australia has several different climate zones. The northern section of Australia has a tropical climate, hot and humid in the summer, and quite warm and dry in the winter, while the southern parts are cooler with mild summers and cool, sometimes rainy winters. 18% of the Australian continent is desert. Australia is the driest inhabited continent on Earth. The population of Australia is mainly concentrated along the eastern and southeastern coasts only 3% of the Australian population live in those dry areas.

Greece’s population consists of 11,123,819 from 2019.  Australia however, has almost double the population of Greece, which is currently at 25,103,766 million.  The capital city and the largest city of Greece is Athens with a population of Athens has an urban population of 3 million with a metro population of 3.75 million. Athens is the most densely populated region of Greece with 19,000 people per square mile living in the city. Compared to Athens, Canberra the capital city of Australia is a small city of around 400,000 making up only 1.64% of Australia population. Canberra is the eighth largest city in Australia) that sits in between Sydney and Melbourne. Athens however, is the largest city in Greece followed by Thessaloniki and Patra.

Many countries around the world require young people to spend time in the armed forces. Greece is one of those countries where it is compulsory for boys from 19-45 of age to attend military training. In Australia however, it is voluntary to attend the military. Because Greece has bordering countries, it has strong military facilities and presence. Greece has more military ships, aircraft, and submarines then Australia.

Religion in Greece is dominated by the Greek Orthodox Church, which is within the larger communion of the Eastern Orthodox Church. It represented 90% of the total population. Religion is quite important, in comparison to most other European countries. It is tied to every aspect of the culture. When you drive around Greece, there are churches everywhere. The ties between the state and the Greek Orthodox Church are still quite strong but slowly loosening. Australia however, is quite diverse when it comes to religion, as it is a multicultural country. Christianity is though the predominant religion in Australia. In recent surveys, the number of Australians identify with no religion than any single religion has increased.

Australia and Greece have different currencies. Australia’s national currency is the Australian dollar, which comes in plastic notes of $5, $10, $20, $50 and $100. However, Greece’s currency has changed. Before Greece joined the European Union, it used a currency called the drachma. Now Greece has the Euro. The euro is a common currency, equal across all nations. The value of the Euro is 1 euro buys you 1.60 Australian dollars. Euro’s are a mixture of paper and plastic notes consisting like Australia of $5, $10, $20, $50 and $100.

Australia and Greece are famous worldwide for their tourist attractions. There is something for everybody in these countries. Both Australia and Greece are famous for their beaches. Australia has the Barrier Reef, koalas and kangaroos, the Opera House, and many more. Greece also has its own destinations worthy to visit such as the Santorini, Mikonos, Zakynthos Acropolis and Parthenon, Temple of Poseidon, and many more. In addition, these countries have their own unique food.

Australia compared to Greece is considered a young nation however, it’s land and Aboriginal culture date back to 40,000 years. Greek civilization dates back to thousands of years too. Greece is known as the birthplace of democracy and having the biggest influence on Western civilization from the Arts, government, architecture, sports, literature, science and mathematics.

Australia and Greece are thousands of miles apart. Greece is located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa and is Australia located in Oceania surrounded by three oceans. Both countries have similarities and differences as I have discussed above and they are both beautiful countries in their own unique way with their extraordinary landscapes and beautiful breathtaking beaches.

GST

What is the current  GST in Australia at the moment?

The goods and services tax (GST) in Australia is a value added tax of 10% on most goods and services with some exemptions to things such as for certain food, healthcare and housing items and long term accommodation which is taxed at a rate of 5.5%.

What things are exempt from GST?

The things that are exempt from GST are:

  • most basic food
  • some education courses, course materials and related excursions or field trips
  • some medical, health and care services
  • some menstrual products (from 1 January 2019)
  • some medical aids and appliances
  • some medicines
  • some childcare services
  • some religious services and charitable activities
  • supplies of accommodation and meals to residents of retirement villages by certain operators
  • cars for disabled people to use, as long as certain requirements are met
  • water, sewerage and drainage
  • international transport and related matters
  • precious metals
  • sales through duty-free shops
  • grants of land by government
  • farmland
  • international mail
  • exports
  • sales of businesses as going concerns
  • some telecommunications supplies
  • Eligible emissions units.

 

Write a detailed explanation of what GST

The GST was introduced by the Howard Government and commenced on 1 July 2000,  The governments had talked about introducing it to replace a range of existing taxes and help simplify the tax system. The whole idea was for all of the money raised from GST to go to the states. Introducing the GST was controversial amongst political parties and with considerable public distrust. Critics argued that the GST will have a considerable effect on lower income earners, meaning that the tax consumes a higher proportion of their income, compared to those earning large incomes. After years of debate, former Treasurer Peter Constello finally implemented the GST. At the same time there were reductions made in personal income taxes, state banking taxes, federal wholesale taxes and some fuel taxes that Peter Costello argued that people were effectively paying no extra tax.

This year , new online GST rules kick in. The Government has made changes to online GST laws which means that items bought from overseas websites and shipped to Australia will now be taxed. Until now, clothes, gadgets, books, DVDs, or anything else you wanted to buy online from US or UK websites which were cheaper than buying in Australia were GST-free, as long as it cost less than $1000. But now, however, those international retailers will be forced to add a 10 percent tax on everything which means the prices will increase.

 

 

 

Boy Overboard

Morris Gleitzman

 

The family is struggling in the war-torn country of Afghanistan. Jamal, who narrates the story, has to content himself with playing soccer with his friend Yusuf, an amputee together they face, landmines and rocket craters. Jamal’s ten-year-old sister Bibi – a spirited soul refuses to content herself with staying indoors as she is supposed to. Bibi is as obsessed with soccer as Yusuf and her brother. When the secret school their mother runs is discovered by the authorities, the family are forced to flee both their home and their homeland. The end is not the new beginning the reader expects. Having survived landmines, firing squads storms, and pirates, the reader is left wondering whether Jamal, his family, and friends, are doomed to live in the “misery” of an Australian-administered island rather than their “Promised Land”, Australia itself.

ATHENS

Athens is the capital city of Greece. It is also the country’s largest city but what’s more appealing about it is its history, which spans over 3,400 years and makes it among one of the oldest cities of the world. Athens is famous in the world as a cradle of Western Civilization and it is also the region where democracy took place for the very first time in the history of the world. This city is also home to some of the greatest philosophers of the world like Plato and Aristotle.

 

Syntagma Square

We have visited Athens several times during our stay in Greece. We visited the largest and most important square of Athens, which is called Syntagma Square that means ‘Constitution Square’ because King Otto (the first king of modern Greece) granted first constitution here in 1844. We saw the changing of the guards who stand in perfect stillness in front of the Hellenic Parliament. There are of course changing every hour in the day. Every Sundays, it is the official ceremony with the official customs.

Image result for syntagma square soldiers

 

THE ACROPOLIS

We also visited the Acropolis together with a school group. It is located on a limestone hill high above Athens and we saw some majestic buildings such as the marble temple the Parthenon.

built in honour of the protector of the city ‘the goddess Athena’.

The Parthenon

For 2000 years, the Parthenon was a temple built in honour of Athena. According to mythology, Athena and Poseidon competed for the title of the guardian of the city. They each offered a gift to gain favor of its people and the gods, but Athena’s olive tree was seen as more valuable than the salt water spring given by Poseidon, so her name was given to the city-state. It was built between 447 BC and 432 BC during the reign of Pericles. It was made of 22,000 tons of marble. . It has 46 Doric columns which support the roof, with 8 across the front and back, and 17 on each side.

Image result for the parthenon

Sacred Geometry of the Parthenon

The Parthenon was made of 22,000 tons of marble. . It has 46 Doric columns which support the roof, with 8 across the front and back, and 17 on each side. The structure has a rectangular floor plan and is built on a 23,000-square foot base, part of which was the limestone foundation.

Low steps surrounded each side of the building, and a portico of Doric columns standing on a platform create a border around it. There are 46 outer columns and 19 inner columns.

The columns are slightly tapered to give the temple a symmetrical appearance. The corner columns are larger in diameter than the other columns. Incredibly, the Parthenon contains no straight lines and no right angles.

The statue of Athena

The Parthenon was elaborately decorated with marble sculptures both internally and externally. A massive statue of Athena was in the Parthenon. The statue stood approximately 9 or 11 meters tall and it was made out of gold and ivory. She had a bronze helmet and held a spear which sailors could see at sea! Athena held a Nike (Victory) on her right hand that extends forward from the elbow, and offered Nike to the Athenian citizens. With her left hand she held her shield which sheltered a snake as it rests on the ground, and her lance that rests on her left shoulder. Her breastplate was decorated with snakes and the head of Medusa at the center.

Related image

Sacred Geometry of the Parthenon

The structure has a rectangular floor plan and is built on a 23,000-square foot base, part of which was the limestone foundation of the Old Parthenon.

Low steps surrounded each side of the building, and a portico of Doric columns standing on a platform create a border around it. There are 46 outer columns and 19 inner columns.

The columns are slightly tapered to give the temple a symmetrical appearance. The corner columns are larger in diameter than the other columns. Incredibly, the Parthenon contains no straight lines and no right angles.

Height of the columns – The structural beam on top of the columns is in a golden ratio proportion to the height of the columns.

 

Parthenon Frieze

A broad, decorated horizontal band called a frieze runs along the entire length of the walls of the Parthenon’s inner chamber (the cella). The frieze was carved using the bas-relief technique, which means the sculpted figures are raised slightly from the background.

 

The damage and destruction of the Acropolis

Over the years many of the buildings and monuments on the Acropois were damaged or destroyed. Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin took the some of the sculptures, now called the Elgin Marbles, from the Parthenon in 1759. They have been on display in the British Museum since 1816.

 

Elgin Marbles

After the Holy League’s assault, the Parthenon sat in ruins and was at the mercy of looters. In the early 19th century, Thomas Bruce, the 7th Earl of Elgin, removed the marble friezes and several other sculptures and shipped them to London, England where they remain on public display in the British Museumtoday.

It’s unclear if Elgin had permission to remove the sculptures, and the Greek government has requested they be returned.

 

Time, weathering and cleaning has caused the Elgin Marbles and other Parthenon sculptures to look white, but there’s evidence they and other parts of the structure were once painted vivid colors such as red, blue and green.

Athens Metro

During construction of the Athens Metro to support transportation needs during the 2004 Olympic Games, the works led to the greatest archaeological excavation in the Athens area, and over 50,000 artifacts were excavated. Six Metro stations displayed some of the finds.

 

 

 

 

 

Comments

Comment 1:

Hi Charlotte!
Your 100wc was really creative. You used amazing adjectives throughout your story. It was a really entertaining 100wc for the reader. Great editing. It was very hard also to find constructive feedback. The only minor thing I could pick up on was: The very last sentence you said: ” The next day the government declare that they are going to knock down the statues.” Declare does not make sense in the sentence. Instead, you could have used a d to spell declared. Like I said a very minor mistake.
Fantastic Job on this 100wc!
Kind regards
Mariana

Comment 2:

Hi Liv!
I really loved your a 100wc! You had great use of adjectives it was really engaging for the reader. I really like your ideas and creativity throughout this story. This 100wc was very enjoying for the reader to read. It was a bit fast paced but it isnt a big deal cause it is only 100 words and you can’t fit alot in100 words.
Once again amazing job!
Kind Regards
Mariana

Comment 3:

Hi Josh!
Amazing 100wc! Your 100wc had very creative and interesting ideas. Great thinking out of the box! It was a very action-packed and entertaining 100wc. Some feedback is: that you should improve on using descriptive words and keeping the story at an understandable pace for the reader.
Great Job on your 100wc!

Kind Regards

Mariana

Comment 4:

Hi Hamish!
I really liked your unique approach to this 100wc! Great thinking! The Poem flowed really well and was really enjoyable and easy for the reader to follow along with the story. I couldn’t pick some constructive criticism for this piece. Once again Fantastic Job!
Kind Regards
Mariana

 

100wc

There I was sitting in my usual spot- ‘Equal Square’, sitting under the shaded oak tree reading, of course. In front of me was the world’s most important object- ‘The Balance Dominos’. The two dominos that keep peace in our world. Since they brought the Dominos there has been no war only peace. I watch, as they are both stand still and upright. I savor the fresh air of the city that also arrived with the dominos. I try to forget the days of war, the polluted air, plastic waste, cancer, and widespread disease. Years ago, it seemed impossible, but look, we solved it all.  As I think about our luck, everything around me is shaking. It can’t be an earthquake! We solved natural disasters. I look in front of me the dominos are moving. They are unequal! War it is here, it’s approaching! “Bang!” My ears blast by the noise and throb from the pain. I feel like they’re bleeding. Soon, a foggy haze is all I can see. Lying now on the concrete ground, I can hear screaming. Gas intoxicates my lungs I struggle to breathe as I gasp for air.

 

Ancient Greek Columns

As I have traveled to a few archaeological sites, landmarks and museums, I have noticed the different types of columns. Here is some of the research about the 3 different ancient columns I have seen:

The Greeks built most of their temples and government buildings in three types of styles: Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. These styles (also called “orders”) were reflected in the type of columns they used. Most all of the columns had grooves down the sides called fluting. This gave the columns a feeling of depth and balance.

  • Doric – Doric columns were the most simple and the thickest of the Greek styles. They had no decoration at the base and a simple capital at the top. Doric columns tapered so they were wider on the bottom than at the top.
  • Ionic – Ionic columns were thinner than the Doric and had a base at the bottom. The capital at the top was decorated with scrolls on each side.
  • Corinthian – The most decorative of the three orders was the Corinthian. The capital was decorated with scrolls and the leaves of the acanthus plant. The Corinthian order became popular in the later era of Greece and also was heavily copied by the Romans.

Image result for ancient greek columns

100wc

Prompt:

…why was that hat on the table?…

The moonlight lit up the night sky. Standing on the veranda I slowly pulled out my keys and twisted it inside its keyhole. The door slowly swang open. Something didn’t feel right. I cautiously walk in as my gut directed me. I looked around confused. Something was wrong. As a glance over at the kitchen table, I could just make out the outline of an object. As I turn around to have all my gaze on the table I wonder. Why was that hat on the table? The brown leathered cowboy hat. Whose was it? Someone must have broken in. I rush around the house looking for some kind of evidence. Not even the sharpest eye could find any clue. My heart is racing. My mind thinking of every possibility. I remember one place I haven’t checked. The bathroom. As I look through the half open door all I can see is a puddle of blood. I open the door wide open to reveal. Mum lying on the floor.  But is a hat enough to prove something much more?